the modern languages association (MLA) style, the institute of electronic and electrical engineers (IEEE) style, and the vancouver style but in generality the primary function of reference is to avoid the plagiarism (Hartley, 2008).
After we have known about the elements in academic writing, then let’s start the writing process. The first is prewriting. In prewriting there are five techniques that can help us in do the writing process, such us freewriting, questioning, making a list, and clustering then there is also called writing a first draft, when we write it we ought to make an additional thoughts and details that did not appear before in prewriting and in this part don’t spend your time to make a correction, then after it let’s do the revising, revising means rewriting an essay, building on what has already been done, to make it stronger, the next is make an editing, in editing part we have to check and repair the errors in grammar, punctuation and spelling, so we must work carefully in editing part. Now you have done the writing process from prewriting till editing then the last is you can review your activity (Langan, 2011).
Certainly, we realize that what the high school writing teachers taught for us will be useful to improve our academic writing at universities (Gocsick, 2004). And thereby, we can conclude that we have to learn absolutely about academic writing especially learning the element and process of academic writing because academic writing is important for us as a student to do our obligation in university such us to make a thesis or a simple paper from our lecturer.
Bailey, S. (2003). Academic writing a practical guide for students. Retrieved from http://www.4shared.com/document/kVTZJFQU/Bailey_S-Academic_Writing_A_.htm
Dartmouth College. (2004). Writing for college. Retrieved from http://darthmouth.edu/~writing/materials/student/ac_paper/what.shtml